Glenridding (Eden District Council)

 

Introduction
Location

The village of Glenridding is in the administrative district of Eden District Council. Situated on the shores of Ullswater, on the A592 from Penrith, Glenridding is about 12 miles south-west of Penrith. The village is in the Lake District National Park.

Demographics
The village is in the parish of Patterdale and in 1995 had a population of about 425 in 321 households. (i)

Case study
The case study in Glenridding was on Browfield Close, a development of two two-bedroom houses, four three-bedroom houses and four two-bedroom bungalows owned by Home Housing Association.

Profile of the Village
1. Important attributes for residents living in Glenridding

In order of preference, the respondents found the following services the most useful:

  • The shop
  • The pub
  • The petrol station
  • The doctor.

2. Services available in the village
Glenridding has many services available, although several of these are geared towards tourism, including a hotel, bed-and-breakfasts, coffee shops, local convenience stores and pubs.

3. School
There is no school in Glenridding. The children travel to Patterdale Church of England School.

The details outlined below have been taken from the 1998 OFSTED inspection report.

  • Ages 4-11 years.
  • ‘The quality of teaching is judged to be very good overall.’
  • English and mathematics are rated as good.

4. Police and fire

  • The nearest police station to Glenridding is in Penrith. This station is not staffed 24 hours a day.
  • There is no fire station in Glenridding. The nearest fire station is in Patterdale and this is staffed part time.

5. Transport

  • There is at least one bus every 2 hours to Penrith, 6 days a week, costing £3.15 return.
  • 79% of residents have a car.
  • The nearest train station is Penrith.

6. Local employment

  • The following information on local employment for Glenridding was produced by the ward councillor:
  • Past mining village.
  • Tourism.
  • Lots of self-employed people: builders, plumbers, joiners, contract farm work.
  • Residents also commute to the main centres of employment such as Penrith, Kendal and Windermere.

7. Weekly average incomes
Cumbria Rural Housing Trust’s Rural Housing Strategy details weekly average incomes in Eden based on an average of figures available from Cumbria County Council, New Earnings Survey and the Office of National Statistics. Averages were used as figures varied greatly: this information should therefore be used only for illustrative purposes.

District

Gross Weekly IncomeWeekly IncomeLow PayHigh PayAverage annual Salary
Eden£250.00205.00148.50554.00£13,000
*Note: Disposable income = 19% deducted from gross to take into account tax, NI and pension contributions

Employees on an average income would therefore need 15 times their annual salary to buy an average-priced house on the open market.

8. The cost of a bag of shopping
Compared with a nearby town supermarket.

  • Bread
  • Milk 1 pint
  • Eggs (6)
  • Beans (435g)
  • Tea (80-100bags)
  • Coffee (100g)
  • Toilet Rolls (4)
  • Butter (250g)

Total £8.68 @ Glenridding, £5.05 @ Safeway, Penrith.

Current housing provision in Glenridding
1. Case study - Browfield Close, Glenridding

  • Home Housing Association has two two-bedroom houses, four three-bedroom houses and four two-bedroom bungalows.
  • They were completed in 1995.
  • Eden District Council has 50% nomination rights to the properties.
  • The properties are restricted by a section 106 agreement.
  • There has been one vacancy in the last 12 months.
  • No properties have been lost through Right to Buy.
  • These are non-restructured rents.
  • The properties are Council Tax band B and C (£902.76 and £1031.71).

Type of accommodation

Rent (per week)Service charge (per week)
3-bed houses£65.41Included
2-bed houses£62.34Included
 

2. Other social housing provision

  • Eden Housing Association has one three-bedroom house, average protected rent £53.50; and four two-bedroom flats, protected rental of £43 per week at Homefield.
  • No properties have been sold since 1 April 2001.
  • A total of 13 houses and four flats have been sold under Right to Buy.
  • Eden Housing Association has a further three three-bedroom houses at Browfield and four three-bedroom houses at Headlands.
  • Prices of rents per week range from £46.36 to £58.87 and £61.82.
  • Eleven of their properties were lost through Right to Buy.
  • Eden Housing Association reports a waiting list of 22 applicants for the properties.

3. Council Tax banding
Eden District Council reported that the majority of properties in RSL ownership would be either band A, B or C.
Council Tax bands for Glenridding are as follows;

Council Band A£773.79
Council Band B£902.76
Council Band C£1,031.71
Council Band D£1,160.68

4. Housing market (Jan-March 2003) (ii)

Detached£255,772
Semi-Detached£124,500
Terraced£98,500
Average House Price£193,657

Key statistics

  • 22 properties are rented social housing; 7% of total housing stock in the parish.
  • 60% of social landlord stock in the village has been lost through the Right to Buy. This figure includes social landlord stock where the Right to Acquire does not apply.
  • The 1991 Census records 155 properties in Glenridding where the accommodation is not used as a main residence (48% of total housing stock).
  • The ratio of affordable housing to non-permanent-residence homes is about 1:7.

1. Case study profile
There was a 50% response rate from the case-study questionnaire.

2. Reasons why people were allocated a property

  • 50% of respondents who were allocated these properties originated from the village.
  • 50% of respondents who were allocated these properties were able to maintain family links.

3. Employment
In the respondents’ households we found the following:

  • 29% of the residents were employed full time.
  • 57% of the residents were employed part time.
  • 14% of the residents were unemployed.
  • 75% of households have use of a car if they need to commute to work.

Two households gave their total weekly income as £200-£250.

Case study planning details: ref no: (7/91/3124)
1. Housing need

Evidence of housing need was provided by Eden District Council at the time of the planning application.

A housing needs survey conducted in 1999 by Cumbria Rural Housing Trust showed 12 households in housing need. The income of those in need ranged from £10,400 to £15,600 a year.

2. Timescale
Application date: 17.12.91
Decision date: May 1992
Planning permission notice date: 06.10.94

The actual time to receive planning approval was five months. But the process of land acquisition and the subsequent signing of the Section 106 agreement delayed the issue of the actual planning permission notice, giving an overall timescale of almost two years.

3. Planning policy at the time of the development
This site was considered under the exception site policy.

Due to errors in the site plan dimensions, a revision to the approved plan was necessary which took a further six months and several site visits to resolve.

4. Opposition and support to the scheme
The number of objectors is not known. However, those objections noted refer to:

  • the loss of visual amenity;
  • the proximity to an adjacent owner;
  • dangerous access;
  • the site is wet, and there were concerns raised about the existing beck running through proposed rear gardens.

The district council, the parish council and the highways department all supported or had no objections to the development.

There was a further note of support for the scheme that commented on redressing the balance with holiday homes in the village, estimated at 50% of households.

Importance and impact of affordable housing in Glenridding

‘There is a need for more affordable housing because there are too many second homes and a lot of young people are having to move away.’

  • Comments were made by local residents that properties in Glenridding were too expensive and that the rents in the affordable housing site were considered high.
  • One respondent associated affordable housing with unemployment.
  • The comment was made that the affordable housing was such a small site that there had been no real effect on local businesses since it was built.
  • Another reason the affordable housing site had little effect on local businesses was that the businesses rely on the tourism industry rather than the local residents.
  • Tenants of the affordable housing site were either local to the village or had family connections with the village.

Parish council views
Parish councillors generally accepted the findings but regarded as too strong the comment that the houses were expensive. The population, according to a recent national survey, has remained the same. This conflicts with comments about the number of second homes in the village and the view that community numbers have dropped. The parish councillors also felt that there was a real opportunity in the village for development for professional people.

Conclusion
Although there is a recognised need for affordable housing in Glenridding, but some think there has been too little career or professional employment in the village, so why would young people stay anyway? However, this view is disputed by parish councillors in Glenridding who say there is an opportunity to advance in professional qualifications and status in the hotel business, with some salaries exceeding £16,000 a year. This perhaps reveals a difference in public opinion and fact, and perhaps is only useful for those who seek employment in this area.

In Glenridding it is suggested that employment and housing needs are linked. The main employment appears to be low-paid work in the hotel and tourism industries. This is a tourist village. Even the local food shop states that it could not survive without the tourists. This is indicative of their move from general groceries to quick snacks over the past 26 years. Therefore affordable housing has had no noticeable effect on the local services. Perhaps this reliance on tourism is due to the increasing number of second homes in the village, as this means that many of the houses are empty for most of the year and so the general population has decreased.

There is consensus that the affordable housing site has a good mix of house types and has allowed local residents to stay, but that it is too expensive. All the respondents had family connections or ties to the village, which show that section 106 has been successful. Some residents stated a dwindling community spirit, partly reflecting the high numbers of second homes. Although there was opposition to the building of this site, there were few negative comments from local residents, suggesting that initial concerns had been allayed. Glenridding is a tourist village, and it seems unlikely that this will cease in the foreseeable future, and it also seems likely that Glenridding will continue to sustain itself because of this. Future concerns that may need to be dealt with are the high property prices and the number of second homes.

Sources:
i Cumbria County Council 1997 Local Profiles, www.cumbria.gov.uk - Office for National Statistics, Information and Intelligence 1997
ii Land Registry www.landregistry.gov.uk and upmystreet.com